Artificial Intelligence is getting better – latest news and trends in AI concerning image processing

Artificial intelligence is now a part of new, more useful applications and it is getting better. In this blog post we will present you some of these new and interesting AI apps. And, let us just inform you that, from this blog post, every couple of months, we will show and discuss news and trends in image processing field, including new papers, research and applications!

And now, let’s start with news from our favorite, NVIDIA. What is NVIDIA up to?

AI can Detect Open Parking Spaces

With as many as 2 billion parking spaces in the United States, finding an open spot in a major city can be complicated. To help city planners and drivers more efficiently manage and find open spaces, MIT researchers developed a deep learning-based system that can automatically detect open spots from a video feed.

Parking spaces are costly to build, parking payments are difficult to enforce, and drivers waste an excessive amount of time searching for empty lots,” the researchers stated in their paper.

Article from:
https://news.developer.nvidia.com/ai-algorithm-aims-to-help-you-find-a-parking-spot/

New AI Imaging Technique Reconstructs Photos with Realistic Results

Researchers from NVIDIA, led by Guilin Liu, introduced a state-of-the-art deep learning method that can edit images or reconstruct a corrupted image, one that has holes or is missing pixels. The method can also be used to edit images by removing content and filling in the resulting holes. The method, which performs a process called “image inpainting”, could be implemented in photo editing software to remove unwanted content, while filling it with a realistic computer-generated alternative.

Our model can robustly handle holes of any shape, size location, or distance from the image borders. Previous deep learning approaches have focused on rectangular regions located around the center of the image, and often rely on expensive post-processing,” the NVIDIA researchers stated in their research paper.

Article from:
https://news.developer.nvidia.com/new-ai-imaging-technique-reconstructs-photos-with-realistic-results/

AI Can Now Fix Your Grainy Photos by Only Looking at Grainy Photos

What if you could take your photos that were originally taken in low light and automatically remove the noise and artifacts? Have grainy or pixelated images in your photo library and want to fix them? This deep learning-based approach has learned to fix photos by simply looking at examples of corrupted photos only. The work was developed by researchers from NVIDIA, Aalto University, and MIT, and was presented at the International Conference on Machine Learning in Stockholm, Sweden.

Recent deep learning work in the field has focused on training a neural network to restore images by showing example pairs of noisy and clean images. The AI then learns how to make up the difference. This method differs because it only requires two input images with the noise or grain.

Without ever being shown what a noise-free image looks like, this AI can remove artifacts, noise, grain, and automatically enhance your photos.

It is possible to learn to restore signals without ever observing clean ones, at performance sometimes exceeding training using clean exemplars,” the researchers stated in their paper.

Article from:
https://news.developer.nvidia.com/ai-can-now-fix-your-grainy-photos-by-only-looking-at-grainy-photos/

AI Model Can Generate Images from Natural Language Descriptions

To potentially improve natural language queries, including the retrieval of images from speech, Researchers from IBM and the University of Virginia developed a deep learning model that can generate objects and their attributes from natural language descriptions.

We show that under minor modifications, the proposed framework can handle the generation of different forms of scene representations, including cartoon-like scenes, object layouts corresponding to real images, and synthetic images,” the researchers stated in their paper.

Article from:
https://news.developer.nvidia.com/ai-model-can-generate-images-from-natural-language-descriptions/

Now, some new research papers with different fields that need AI as well as image processing:

Digital image analysis in breast pathology—from image processing techniques to artificial intelligence 

From: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1931524417302955 

Abstract: Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women worldwide. In recent decades, earlier diagnosis and better adjuvant therapy have substantially improved patient outcome. Diagnosis by histopathology has proven to be instrumental to guide breast cancer treatment, but new challenges have emerged as our increasing understanding of cancer over the years has revealed its complex nature. As patient demand for personalized breast cancer therapy grows, we face an urgent need for more precise biomarker assessment and more accurate histopathologic breast cancer diagnosis to make better therapy decisions. The digitization of pathology data has opened the door to faster, more reproducible, and more precise diagnoses through computerized image analysis. Software to assist diagnostic breast pathology through image processing techniques have been around for years. But recent breakthroughs in artificial intelligence (AI) promise to fundamentally change the way we detect and treat breast cancer in the near future. Machine learning, a subfield of AI that applies statistical methods to learn from data, has seen an explosion of interest in recent years because of its ability to recognize patterns in data with less need for human instruction. One technique in particular, known as deep learning, has produced groundbreaking results in many important problems including image classification and speech recognition. In this review, we will cover the use of AI and deep learning in diagnostic breast pathology, and other recent developments in digital image analysis.

Predicting tool life in turning operations using neural networks and image processing

From: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S088832701730599X 

Abstract: A two-step method is presented for the automatic prediction of tool life in turning operations. First, experimental data are collected for three cutting edges under the same constant processing conditions. In these experiments, the parameter of tool wear, VB, is measured with conventional methods and the same parameter is estimated using Neural Wear, a customized software package that combines flank wear image recognition and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). Second, an ANN model of tool life is trained with the data collected from the first two cutting edges and the subsequent model is evaluated on two different subsets for the third cutting edge: the first subset is obtained from the direct measurement of tool wear and the second is obtained from the Neural Wear software that estimates tool wear using edge images. Although the complete-automated solution, Neural Wear software for tool wear recognition plus the ANN model of tool life prediction, presented a slightly higher error than the direct measurements, it was within the same range and can meet all industrial requirements. These results confirm that the combination of image recognition software and ANN modelling could potentially be developed into a useful industrial tool for low-cost estimation of tool life in turning operations.

Automatic food detection in egocentric images using artificial intelligence technology 

From:
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition/article/automatic-food-detection-in-egocentric-images-using-artificial-intelligence-technology/CAE3262B945CC45E4B14C06C83A68F42  

Abstract:

Objective:To develop an artificial intelligence (AI)-based algorithm which can automatically detect food items from images acquired by an egocentric wearable camera for dietary assessment.

Design:To study human diet and lifestyle, large sets of egocentric images were acquired using a wearable device, called eButton, from free-living individuals. Three thousand nine hundred images containing real-world activities, which formed eButton data set 1, were manually selected from thirty subjects. eButton data set 2 contained 29 515 images acquired from a research participant in a week-long unrestricted recording. They included both food- and non-food-related real-life activities, such as dining at both home and restaurants, cooking, shopping, gardening, housekeeping chores, taking classes, gym exercise, etc. All images in these data sets were classified as food/non-food images based on their tags generated by a convolutional neural network.

Results:A cross data-set test was conducted on eButton data set 1. The overall accuracy of food detection was 91·5 and 86·4 %, respectively, when one-half of data set 1 was used for training and the other half for testing. For eButton data set 2, 74·0 % sensitivity and 87·0 % specificity were obtained if both ‘food’ and ‘drink’ were considered as food images. Alternatively, if only ‘food’ items were considered, the sensitivity and specificity reached 85·0 and 85·8 %, respectively.

Conclusions: The AI technology can automatically detect foods from low-quality, wearable camera-acquired real-world egocentric images with reasonable accuracy, reducing both the burden of data processing and privacy concerns.

Bioinformatics and Image Processing—Detection of Plant Diseases 

From:
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-13-1580-0_14 

Abstract:

This paper gives an idea of how a combination of image processing along with bioinformatics detects deadly diseases in plants and agricultural crops. These kinds of diseases are not recognizable by bare human eyesight. First occurrence of these diseases is microscopic in nature. If plants are affected with such kind of diseases, there is deterioration in the quality of production of the plants. We need to correctly identify the symptoms, treat the diseases, and improve the production quality. Computers can help to make correct decision as well as can support industrialization of the detection work. We present in this paper a technique for image segmentation using HSI algorithm to classify various categories of diseases. This technique can also classify different types of plant diseases as well. GA has always proven itself to be very useful in image segmentation.

And, at the end, some news from public sector and applied algorithms:

China Now has Facial Recognition Based Toilets 

China has integrated facial recognition in the toilets across the country. Citizens now need WeChat or face scans to get the toilet papers. People will stand in the yellow recognition spot and will bring their face near the face identification machine.  Then after about three seconds, 90 centimeters of toilet paper will come out. People will then go in and use the toilet but only for limited time as alarm will buzz if someone occupies it for too long. In toilet, sensors will assess ammonium amount and spray a deodorant if required. The two bathrooms integrated with face scanners for being “clean and convenient,” and “reducing toilet paper waste.”

Read more here:
https://www.aitechnologies.com/china-now-has-facial-recognition-based-toilets/ 

Apple’s Camera-Toting Watch Band Uses Facial Recognition For Flawless FaceTime Calls 

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office granted a patent to Apple which says that the tech titan wants to widen the set of attributes of its wearable, by integrating an original camera system with the ability to automatically crop subject matter, trace objects such as user’s face and produce angle-adjusted avatars for FaceTime calls. “Image-capturing watch” U.S. Patent No. 10,129,503 of Apple tells a software and hardware solution that creates a camera-toting Apple Watch, that is both handy and feasible. Using a camera-toted Watch, consumers can put aside a heavy handheld device while playing sports, exercising or doing other energetic activities. However, a feasible smartwatch solution is hard to accomplish. The camera captures the motion data and then the watch processes it, after which it is mapped onto the computer produced picture, which imitates a consumer’s facial movements and expressions in real time. On the other hand, source movement data can be utilized to tell about the motion of inhuman avatars such as Apple’s Memoji and Animoji. It still remains unknown whether Apple wants to integrate its Apple Watch camera band tech.

Read more here:
https://www.aitechnologies.com/apples-camera-toting-watch-band-uses-facial-recognition-for-flawless-facetime-calls/

Metropolitan Police London is to Integrate Face Recognition Tech 

London’s police will integrate face recognition tech as an experiment for two days. In the areas of Leicester Square, Piccadilly Circus, and Soho in London, the technology will examine crowds’ faces and compare them with the database of individuals wanted by the courts and Metropolitan Police in London. If the tech founds a match, the police officers in that field will analyze it and perform further tests to make sure the identity of that individual.

Read more here:
https://www.aitechnologies.com/metropolitan-police-london-is-to-integrate-face-recognition-tech/

That’s all for now folks. But, tell me, what do you think, what are some areas where AI is going to bring most benefits? What are areas, by your opinion where there is space for more research? Can you actually believe that it is possible to have AI solutions in every day life?

All news are citations from the mentioned sites, where you can find the whole text about the topic.